Security Concerns during refugee influx
Open border and refugee influx effect on the country and security. When a country has an open border, it means that its boundaries have no restrictions. People can move in and out different jurisdictions without having to follow some rules or laws. A border can open intentionally by legislation or because of lack of enough enforcement and supervision. This term applies only to movement of people but not goods and services. Refugees are individuals who are out of their country’s nationality and are not able to go back due to fear of being persecuted. Persecution is done due to differences in race, tribe, political opinions or religion.
There can be a border that is conditionally open and one that is controlled. A temporarily open border allows people to move across borders that meet certain conditions only. This particular condition is normally set through an international law or agreement. Those people who claim that they want to cross to certain jurisdiction are required by the law to submit a claim showing clearly why they meet this special condition for entry. They then can be detained or released as their claim is undergoing processing. After it is allowed effort is put so that the conditional border cannot become fully open. On the other hand a controlled border requires people to obtain a visa or other times allows for visa-free periods of traveling. What a person can do is what is limited to migration. Documentation is done for tracking and following up purpose.
When people have moved into another country, a lot is expected. Here I will discuss the outcomes we get after the migration has taken place. Refugees and people who use open borders to get into new jurisdiction can have an effect on different people and thing. The discussion here is majorly concerned about its impact on a country and the security. A country can benefit or lose by allowing this. Security of the citizens can be improved or become a disaster compared with the times they were not there.
It reduces world poverty. For instance, when people migrate from developing countries to already developed countries, they end up earning higher wages. This boosts their standards of living. They can then send to their relatives or loved one’s remittances. The remittances are estimated to be three times global foreign aid spending. The standard of living for these people is also improved.
It increases the country’s gross national product. This is because the incomes that earned the people are added up as foreign income. It also increases the gross world product with can, in turn, double the world’s domestic product.
Free movement of people across borders compliments the right to free movement. Everybody should be free to move in and out of any country that he or she wishes without restrictions. Restricting people is unethical. There is no reason why we should treat people differently just because they come from different countries. Migration helps increase trade globally and minimizes wars among the various nations. Security is thus improved all over the nation.
Open borders also bring about negative effects into a country. Below is some of the effects experienced.
- It increases a country’s population. Countries with high populations naturally, might dispose of their excess population into another country. This can also happen with the countries with high birth rates. When borders are controlled responsible policies concerning birth rate and population are encourages.
- It is a threat to safety and security. This happens after the migration process has already occurred. People begin to realize their differences, and fights begin. Others might start claiming lands and many other issues.
- Large scale migration due to lack of border restrictions can lead to infrastructure deficit. The existing roads, schools, hospitals or building become insufficient for the large population. This affects a country and its government. Government spending is increased at a high rate.
- It leads to demographic changes. This is especially when the migration involves a large number of people. The demographic changes lead to shifts in the political power structures of a country. The structure favors new demographic and not the already existing people of a country.
All in all, refugee influx has brought about a lot of benefits. The major advantage is an economic boost. If all the immigrants are absorbed into the job market, then this effect will felt immediately. In the long run, the country’s gross domestic product will increase. A lot more improvements will be experienced. This is because the state will receive higher revenues and thus will be able to provide public services with ease. This also affects businesses in the security industry.
Refugee influx can affect the security of a country either positively or negatively. This will depend on the refugees’ attitude. There are those who are willing to work and are peaceful. These ones can boost the country’s security by creating a friendly atmosphere for trade and growth. The other kind of refugees is those that bring along their wars and differences to the countries they move into. They will hinder growth and bring about wars. In the long run, their country of origin might begin to fight the new country. If that is the case, the security of a country is threatened. The economy is affected due to high costs incurred during the wars.
To avoid the negative effects of open borders and refugees influx, the migrants should be highly monitored. Such that those who are just a burden to a country can be sent back leaving the productive ones.